ঠিক কারে মাতিয়ারতা। ঠিক উহান কিসাদে অরতা।

Education, Global Issue

আমি নিজে ঠিক অইলে,
পরিবারঔ ঠিক!
পরিবার ঠিক অইলে,
গাঙগর সঠিক!!

The Green War – Written by Anita Soina (Author, Climate and Environment Activist)

Achievement, Anita Soina - Author Climate Activist, Climate Activist, Education, Global Issue, Krishna Sinha Climate Activist, Nature Lover, Website Blogger, www.ecosia.org

The Green War
In The Green War Book, Written by Anita Soina. A 21 Year’s Old Kenyan Environmental and Climate Activist. Born in Nairobi, Kenya on 3rd January, 2000. In this book she shares her current journey, current challenges, and future plans to stop environmental degradation.
Three years ago when she turned 18, she decided to dedicate all her birthdays to grow trees back by Plantation lot’s of trees, that was her community had cut down in a Large scale and educate them about the importance of tree conservation and Nature. So far she has been grown more than 4,000 trees and make it my responsibility to fight the Green War by being an environmental watch person.
She always been passionate about Trees and the environment. In there home village, people use trees for firewood and making food because they don’t have an alternative source or Large scale fuel Indane. This has led to deforestation and the jungle where she used to played in childhood days is now quickly disappearing infront of her eye’s. She’s really very afraid that her next generation or the children of there community may have to travel for miles before seeing a single tree or might not be. So, her one and only mission is to Save, conservation nature and future plans to stop Environmental degradation. She also founded the Spice Warriors to rally other young people in the mission to protect of Environment, Climate and Nature. She’s really a Inspiration young girl to many around the globe. Favourite Quote : The Only Qualification you need for to act for the Climate is the fact that you live on Earth. Let’s All Act Now Together. Anita Soina.

3 Reasons to Pre-order this Book NOW!

1. “BUILD YOUR KNOWLEDGE” People who are well-read tend to be more empathetic and have a higher understanding of their surroundings. When we read about social issues, we’re introduced to the idea that our individual voices, though tiny in the sea of human noise, can make a big difference.

The Green War By Anita Soina With The SpiceWarriors

2. “Improve Mental Wellness” – Modern life is stressful – period. In The Green War, the topic of green spaces and how they impact our mental health is well covered. By purchasing this book, you are not only supporting the creation of more green spaces but actually also funding it.

The Green War By Anita Soina, A 20 Year Old Environmental Activist, Currently Pursuing A B.A. In Public Relations And Corporate Communication, At The Multimedia University Of Kenya.

SUPPORT THE WORK

I believe that information about Environmental Degradation should be accessible to everyone. By buying this book, you are supporting the work as an Environmental activist. Thank You Anita Soina – You’re An Inspiration to Many Youngsters. Admin Panel : Climate Activist Krishna Sinha Blog.

An Important Message to Our Universe

Achievement, Arijit Goswami Climate Activist, Climate Activist, Education, Global Issue, Government of India, Krishna Sinha Climate Activist, Nature Lover, Social Work, www.ecosia.org, Yamin Climate Activist

[3RD SEP, 2021, 04:35PM]
Krïšhñä Šïñhä: Whether it is the individual human body or the larger cosmic body, essentially, they are made of five elements – Earth,  Water,  Fire, Air  and  Space. These are also Called  Panch Bhutas: Earth (Prithvi), Water (Jal), Air (Vayu), Fire (Agni), Ether or Space (Aakash).
Everything in Nature 
1. Air (Vayu) : “Breathe” – Slowly and Deeply Inhale – Exhale in the Open Fresh Environment.
2. Water (Jal) : “Blessing the Water” – Our body is consists of 70% Water, with Positive affirmation can Have a Healing effect on the Body.
3. Fire  (Sun/ Surya) : The  Sun Our Best Friend, sitting out under the Sun early Morning and before Evening Sunset  is a great way of strengthening the Body.
4. Sky (Space/ether/Aakash) : “Star ✨ Glazing under the Sky” can have a very relaxing and calming effect after a long Stressful Day.
5. Earth  (Prithvi) : “Walking Barefoot on the Ground” is a great way to feel Grounded and interconnected the inner self-esteem,.
To Balance and Purify these elements in Human Body becomes essential for Both Mental Health and the Physical Harmony.
That’s Why Earth Matters  #FightForTheClimateJustice
#FridaysForFuture
#SaveTreeSaveLife #KrishnaSinhaClimateActivist

Proud Moment For Bishnupriya Manipuri : Archana Sinha

Achievement, বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরীর ওয়াহি, Bishnupriya Manipuri History, Climate Activist, Education, Global Issue, Humanitarian, Nature Lover, Social Work, Talented Bishnupriya Manipuri

Really I’m Proud of You Archana Sinha.
Hard Work always Pay Fruitful Results. ❤️❤️❤️❤️ Keep up the Same Enthusiasm Lot’s of Love and Blessings 🌸 Many thanks to the Government of Tripura and the JRBT Committee for asking this question on the names of Bishnupriya Manipuris in the Group C examination conducted by JRBT. Thank you for honoring this minority ethnic group, the Bishnupriya Manipuri, by asking this question despite the thousands of questions having. Such a Special Day.


হাব্বিরে হমা কাতকরৌরি বারো হেইচা থাইল অর্চনা দিদির কবি গুরু রবীন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুরর গজে লেখা লেরিক এহান তামকরানির।
তাংখা মাত্ৰ – ₹.১৪০/-

Happy Earth Day : Earth Matters

Achievement, Bishnupriya Manipuri History, Climate Activist, Education, Global Issue, Humanitarian, Nature Lover, Social Work, Website Blogger

Earth Day is an annual event on April 22 to demonstrate support for environmental protection. First held on April 22, 1970, it now includes a wide range of events coordinated globally by EarthDay.Org including 1 billion people in more than 193 Countries. Earth is the only planet to have life, save the earth. Without earth, no one will take birth. If you destroy the earth, you destroy the chance of life. Save earth to continue living here. #EarthMatters #SaveTreeSaveLifeSaveEarth #ClimateWarriors #ClimateActivistKrishnaSinha

Happy Earth Day

The Bishnupriya Manipuri

Achievement, বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরীর ওয়াহি, Bishnupriya Manipuri Film Industry, Bishnupriya Manipuri History, Humanitarian, Marriage Ceremony, Mythology, Nature Lover, Social Work

Historical Keynotes on Bishnupriya Manipuri Language

  1. There can be no reasonable doubt that a great Aryan wave of very pure blood passed through Manipur into Burma in pre historic time. I see traces of this in the finely cut features seen now and then among the Manipuris” – Gazetteer of Manipur by Captain E. W. Dun, Page 15.
  2. A tribe known as Mayang speaks a mongrel form of Assamese known by the same name..They are also known as ‘Bishnupuria Manipuris or Kalisa Manipuris” – Linguistic Survey of India, 1891. Compiled by Sir G. A. Greirson, Vol V, Page 419
  3. They (Mayangs) amongst themselves speak their own language, which is dialact of Hindee” – An account of the Valley of Manipore by Mc. Cullock, 1849.
  4. There is,moreover, an Aryan dialect called Mayang still spoken in Manipur, the headquarters of which are two or three plain villages near Bishnupur ” – Gait’s History of Assam by Shri Padmanath Vidyavinode,1908.
  5. By degrees the Meiteis became dominant and that name was appliled to the entire colony. It is highly probable that these hordes oven-an a country that had been previously occupied by people of Aryan blood known in Western India and to the bards…The present population of Manipur includes a tribe called Meiung who speak a language of Sanskrit derivation they are now in a servile condition performing the duties of grass-cutters to their conquerors” – Descriptive Ethnology of Bengal by E.T. Dalton, 1872, page 48,49.
  6. There is a also a degraded class called the Kalachya or Bishnupuria ..They speak a language which is different from that of the true Manipuris” – Assam Census Report by Gait.
  7. Mayang,one of the language spoken in the polyglot state of Manipur, May, however, be classed as a dialect of this language” – Imperial Gazetteer of India, Vol I, 1907.
  8. In 627 A.D. Khgenba introduced the Meitai Language as court language in place of Bishnupriya or Kala-chaia language.”– The Background of Assamese culture by Raj Mohan Nath,, page-87).
  9. Among the manipuris there is community called Mayang Kalichas who are more dark skinned than the Meiteis” – Religion and Culture of Manipur by Dr. M. Kirti Singh,1988,page 53.
  10. It is quite probable that Khala-chais are the first cultural race in possession of the Manipur valley, and they were connected more with the neighboring kingdom of Kamrupa than with other countries, and that is why their language is more akin to Kamrupi” – The Background of Assamese culture by R. M. Nath, 2nd edn. 1978, page 86.
  11. Among the Kshatriyas there is a community known as Vishnupriya( Vishnupuria) Manipuris.” – Religious development in Manipur in the 18th and 19th Century/ Dr M Kirti singh, page 20
  12. “.. So. in Manipur in spite of Devanagari scripts which the kala-chaias might have been using, the Meitai when they came into power introduced the new scripts.” -The Background of Assamese culture by R. M. Nath, 2nd edn. 1978, page 90.
  13. The Manipuris who have been Hinduised are worshippers of Bishnu” – Sylhet District Gazetteer, 1970, page 105.
  14. Manipuris are divided into two sections: Bishnupriya and Meitei” (English rendering from original Bengali ) – Aranya Janapadey by Abdus Satter, 1974, page 296.
  15. Bishnupuria Manipuris identifies themselves as Ksatriyas; they are pure Vaishnavs; they do not even touches wine or meat“(English rendering from original Bengali) – Purbobongo O Assam by Shri Krishna Mohan Dhar, 1909, page 106,107.
  16. ” Except the Bengali speaking Hindus and Muslims,there is two community in Barak valley called Bishnupriya Manipuri and Meitei Manipuri. The difference of languages exists in these communities.” (English rendering from original Bengali ) – Weekly Desh, june 19, 1989 , An article by Dr. Dhirendra Narayan Majumdar.
  17. Manipuri is another cast of this region. They are divided into two tribes – Bishnupriya and Meitei.” (English rendering from original Bengali ) -Report of National Aboriginal Roundtable Meeting, Dhaka, Page 32.
  18. These people had Indo-Aryan features and called themselves Bishnupriyas. Long before their exodus they had lost control of Manipur to the rival clan of Meiteis. In their adopted land their lives and limbs were safe; but their language and culture began to lose ground against those of the majorette. Meanwhile, the Meiteis in Manipur became vindictive and imposed a de facto ban on Bishnupriya language and custom. The Bishnupriya Manipuris were caught between a rock and a hard place. Today, young Manipuris are no longer sure of their cultural identity.” -An Article By Syed Zainul Akmal Al-Mahmood , Published in the Daily Star Weekend Magazine in the Jan 21st issue, 2000.
  19. The manipuris residing in Cachar district are divided into two distinct Sub-groups, viz, Meithie and Bishnupriya” – Letter of Commissioner for Linguistic minorities in India, dtd 29 August,1973
  20. The Bishnupriya are known as the Khala chais.They were the first ruling race of Manipur.” (English rendering from original Bengali ) – Aranya Janapadey by Abdus Satter, 1974, page 297.
  21. The Manipuris divided into three main groups – Bishnupriya, Meitei and Pangans” (English rendering from original Bengali ) – Moulvibazar Zelar Jonojibon by Prof Rasamoy Mohanto, Page 86.
  22. Probably most controversial class of people having no homeland of their own, subsequently loosing their identities are the Bishnupriya Manipuris” – Tribals and their Culture in Manipur and Nagaland by G. K. Ghose. Page 169.

Manipuri denotes two linguistic groups: Meitei and Bishnupriya Manipuri

The Manipuris, from a linguistic point of view, are divided into two groups, namely – the Meiteis and the Bishnupriyas. The Meiteis entered Manipur from the east; their Language is of the Tibeto-Burman group. The Bishnupriyas entered Manipur from the west; their language is of the Indo-Aryan group. “Manipuris are divided into two main tribes – the – khalachais, who call themselves Bishnupriyas, are supposed to have been the first cultural race and the Meitheis or Meetheis, who call themselves real Manipuris are supposed to have been next immigrants.”- said Shri R. M. Nath in his Book The Background of Assamese culture. In Linguistic Survey of India, 1891 Sir G. A. Grierson recorded their Language as”Bishnupriya Manipuri”. Sir Grierson what he recorded in ‘Linguistic Survey of India’ Vol.. V, Part 1, is “A tribe known as Mayang speaks a Mongrel form of Assamese by the same name. They are also known as Bishnupriya Manipuri.” Dr. Suniti kumar Chatterji also calls the Bishnupriya Manipuri (BPM) language simply “Bishnupriya” or “Mayang”.But DR KP sinha says, “Mayang” is a misnomer for this language. The Bishnupriya Manipuris never called themselves as “Mayang”.It is term used by the Meiteis in a degrading sense to denote Indian people outside Manipur. In Meitei, the “Mayang” means foreigner, westerner, just as the Bishnupriya Manipuris called the Meiteis “Khai”, which stands for Thai or Tribe meaning. It is, however, clear that both these two languages were formed in the soil of Manipur.

Bishnupriya Manipuri – A language originated in Manipur

Works of both Indian and European Scholars bear testimonies to the existence of Bishnupriya Manipuri in Manipur in the earliest time. The “Khumal Purana” Of Pandit Navakhendra Singh refers to the existence of Bishnupriya Manipuri language in Manipur during the reign of Garib Nawaj. Pandit Navakhendra states – “ The main stream of Manipuri, the Aryan origin people, the khumal, Moirang, Angam and Luwang who are following the Vedic cult from the epic ages being the devotees of Lord Vishnu distinguish themselves from the Meitheis”. The language originated and developed in Manipur and was originally confined to the surroundings of the Loktak Lake.

Other authorities such as An account of the valley of Manipore by Col. McCullock, Descriptive Ethnology of Bengal by E. T. Dalton and the Linguistic Survey of India by George Abraham Grierson mention that the language was in existence in Manipur before the 19th century. Dr. Grierson calls the language as “Bishnupuriya Manipuri”, while some other writers call it simply “Bishnupriya”. The principal localities where this language was spoken are now known as Heirok, Mayang Yamphal, Bishnupur, Khunan, Ningthankhong, Ngaikhong, Thamnapoxpi.

Places Where Bishnupriya Manipuri is Spoken

Bishnupriya Manipuri was originally confined only to the surroundings of the Lake Loktak in Manipur. The principal localities where this language was spoken are now known as Khangabok, Heirok, Mayang Yamphal, Bishnupur, khunan, Ningthankhong, Ngakhong,Thamnapoxpi and so on. However, later a great majority of speakers fled away from Manipur and took refuge in Assam,Tripura, Sylhet and Cachar during eighteen and nineteenth century due to internal conflicts among the prices of Manipur and due to Burmese attack. Consequently, it was difficult for the small number of Bishnupriyas who remained in Manipur to retain their language in face of the impact of Meitei, although Dr. G.A. Grierson, in 1891 found the existence of a considerable number of speakers in two or three villages near Bishnupur, locally known as Lamangdong.( LSI, Vol -V, Page 419). This Language is now spoken in parts of Assam, Tripura, Manipur( Jiribam Sub-division) in India ,in Bangladesh, in Burma and other overseas countries.

Bangladesh

Among the countries outside India, Bangladesh has the major Bishnupriya Manipuri population. The localities are Slipur, Madhavpur, Tilakpur (Nagar), Kalaraibil, Bhanubil(Banughas), Guramara, Charapathari, Baghbati, Baligaon, Teteigaon, Mahung, Hiramati, Bendaria, Ghanashyampur, Chunarughat, Baram, Majergaon, Baluchar, Lakhat, Rajbari, Machimpur(Sylhet city), Lamabazar, North Tilakpur or Alipur, Guler Haour, Shimutala, Bamangaon, Gobindabari, Bhandari, Shukkur, Ulla-gaon, Chaygaii, Kalibari, Chaigaon, Fultali, East Tilakpur (Paligo), Digalbhag etc. Besides, there are a considerable number of the Bishnupriyas Manipuris living scatteredly in the local headquarters cities like Kamalganj, Khuwaighat, Rangamati of the CWttagoan Hill Tracts and also at Tezgaon, Manipuri-para of Dacca, the capital city of Banglades.

Assam:

There are a large number of Bishnupriya Manipuri people settled in Assam ages ago, particularly in the districts of Cachar,Karimganj and Hailakandi. This people are counted as one of the major group of people in Cachar and Karimganj districts.

Cachar district:-

i) NarsingpurPargona: The Bishnupriya Manipuri village of the Narsingpur Pargona includes South Bekirpar(Gudamghat or Panibhora) Rengti, Shantipur, Bhatirgram, Khunou, T’uk Gossaipur, Ratanpur, Katakhal (East), Katakhal (West), Narnita Nagar (South-East Katakhal), Hingor Haour, Kala Haour, Rakhaltdla, Dulalgram and Malugram.

ii)MeherpurPargona: East Singari, West Singari, Bhagatpur, Chandrapur, Rengti, Bhagadahar, Nuwalam, Kalinjar, Mungor Dharam, Pithir Dharam, Chengcoorie and Kabirgang etc.

iii)JatrapurPargona: Srikona, Machughat or Ng@ongang, Dutpatil or Durpatuli, Machiinpur, Aat Dabol, Rajnagar and Bhagorangon.

iv) Silchar city: Silchar, the district head quarter of Cachar, Assam witnessed Bishnupriya Manipuri bases at Bishnupur, Vivekananda Road, Jalupara, Police Lane, Reserve, Itkhola, Malugram, Ranghirkhari and other parts of the city. Duwarbond has its Bishnupriya Manipuri people there.

v) Bikrampur Pargona: Bikrampur, Lakshmipur Sydpur, Kalain, Baropuwa or Bhubaneshwar Nagar, Bihara: Tengaragang, Burunga, Longhor, Bilorgang, Mohanpur, Sayaran and Dutpur.

Hailakandi district:-

In Hailakandi district, the population has a root at Hailakandi town, Sunapur, Khunou, Kshumel collectively known as Japirbond. Katakhal (Railway Jgn.), Nandirgang, Andurgang, a part of Chengcoorie and Chungduwar are included in the Hailakandi district.

Karimganj district:-

Karimganj district of Assam has much more Bishnupriya Manipuri villages than that of Cachar and Hailakandi. The thickly populated laociities of the district are Garerbond, Ardpur, Kukitilla, ali, Fechuakandi, Andhurgang, Amurkhal, Dhalibil, Panchd, Pechala, Tingari, Betubari, Dullabchera , UHasnagar, Khiluwa, Fbon, Aringtilla, B askaltitta, Chamtilla, East Krishnapur, West Krishnapur, Gergoang, Rupa, Fetipat, Butuchera and Bidyanagar at the Dullabcher zone of the district, while Pratapgarh zone of the district has its Bishnupriya Manipuri populated villages of Patherkandi, Rajargang, Kachubari, Unam, Betarbon, Jrala, Katabari, Lakshmi Mamila, Bitorgol, Kanai, Nuwagang, Bazarichara, Hatikhira, Bilbari, Khalibari, SataraLokei, Burunga, Luwarpuwa, Shiborkhol or Shiborgol, Betubari, Kehurgang, Rengti, Katabari, Seipargang, Soura Lokei, Mambari, Pagang, Nalugang, Nalibari, Hingari, Paruwagang, Tinokhal, Kehurgang, Barkaligang, Narayanpur and Kholapar etc. Karimganj town, the district headquarter, had also a small Bishnupriya Manipuris population. Pipala, Rangamati,. Damchera, Uzan, Bali Pipala, Ishabeel and Nurkha falls under Rangamati sub-area.

Guwahti, the State capital of Assam, it has a number of Bishnupriya Manipuri population much more then the Meiteis. They are residing at Maligaon, Sudarshanpur, Tetelia, Hengrabari, Kahilipara, Chailha Nagar, Bamuni Maidan, Beltola, Mmapara, Rehabari, Birbari, Dakshmin Gaon, Kalapahar, Noonmati, Narengi, Basistha, Tarun nagar, Shaktigarh, Rupnagar, Azara, Pandu, Mathuranagar, Motoria, Choymal, Rajgarh road, Christianbasti, Ganeshguri, Jatia, Nayanpur, South Sharamya, West Sharaniya, Katilakuchi, Bakrapara and other places. Halfong town and its adjacent places of N.C.Hills district of Assam has a considerable Bishnupriya Manipuri population there. In Nowgaon district a place named Laupam and in Suntipur district a village called Majbat (Chatribari) has also a small Bishnupriya Manipuri population there.

Tripura

In Tripura, the Bishnupriya Manipuri population localities may be divided into Dharmanagar sub-area, Kailasahar sub-area, Kamaipur sub-area and West Tripura sub-area. Dharmanagar sub-area consists with Bhagyapur, Ragana, West Ragana, Huruwa, North-East Huruwa, East Huruwa, South Huruwa, Chandrapur, Shanichera, Bhumihin Patty, Rajbari, Kherengjuri, Joynagar, Nadiyapur, Dewchera, Ramnagar, Panisagar, Sundibasa, Narendranagar, Radhekishorepur and Bainunia. Kailasahar sub-area Bishnupriya Manipuri villages are Nidevi, Assainbasti, Radhanagar, Krishnagar (Gandhari tilla), Krishnanagar (imjhargang), Sripur, Kailasahar town, Paitur Bazar (Padmar-Par), Tilakpur, Guldarpur, North Guldarpur, Choudhurypara, Kirtantali, Bidyanagar, Ishabpur, Mashawli (Tilla), Rajnagar, Banorgang, Kanchanbari, West Kanchanbari, -North-East Kanchanbari, Manu, Betchara, East Betchara, Natun. Bazar, Kanchanchara, Nepaltilla(Bazar), Indranagar, Bhumlbin COlOney, Tmghari (Kathalchara), East Kawlftm, West Kawai, Bhati Jalai, Uzan Jalai, Jalai, Bilaspur, Pechardahar, Mohanpur, East Fultaii, West Fultali, Devipur, Dhanbilasb, Jarafltali, Dalgoan and Guldarpur Nayapara–Kamaipur sub-area Bishnupriya Manipuri populated villages are Abhanga, Bar Lutma, Devichara, East Devichara9 Chankap, Bhumihin, Halhali (Hal, Lutma Colony, Jainthum, Tilagaon, Mohanpur, Rupaspur, Guwalmara and Gangwar. West tripura sub-area Bishnupriya Manipuri villages are Khas Kalyanpur, Kuwai, Kalkalia, Aga including Radhanagar, Abhynagar, Dhaleswar, Banainalipur, Barduwali, Kasba Colony, Gopinagar and Rangapaniya.

Meghalaya

In Meghalaya, it has also Bishnupriya Manipuri population living scatteredly in the State. The localities are Forest Colony, Pynthorumkhra, Mulki, Dhanksheti, Vishnupur, Laitumkhra, Umpling, Oakland, PoliceBazarAluGudam,Nongthymau,Assam Rifle, Happy Valley, Tura, Langol, Gorampani, Nongpoh, Dawki, Cherapunjee, Mawsynram, Khleriat, Jowai and Laldrhymbai.

Foreign Countries

In Myanmar Tbangdut, Mawa Kalewa and Bumnuk etc. are the Bisbnupriya Manipuri localities. And in case of the United States of America, Canada, Germany, Middle East and Austria, there are very few Bishnupriya Manipuris recently settled there for earning a living there.

Population using Bishnupriya Manipuri language

3,00,000 in Assam
60,000 in Tripura
5,000 in Jiribam (Manipur)
12,000 in Ningthaukhong (Manipur)
10,000 in Bishnupur (Manipur)
2,000 in Meghalaya
1,000 in Arunachal Pradesh
60,000 in Bangladesh
150 in Nagaland
100 in Mizoram
100 in New Delhi
1,000 in Myanmar
2,000 in US, UK, Canada, Middle-East countries and other overseas countries.

There are about 2,00,000 people living in Manipur, mainly in Khangabok, Heirok, Mayang Yamphal, Bishnupur, Khunan, Ningthankhong, Ngaikhong,Thamnapoxpi area, who speak Meitei but are known as Bishnupriyas. And, these people, even now think that their original language was Bishnupriya. Their facial feature and dark complexion clearly indicate that they are immigrants from the west.

Dialects of Bishnupriya Manipuri

Bishnupriya Manipuri has two dialects, namely –

(1) Rajar Gang ( Kings Village) and
(2) Madoi Gang ( Queens village ).

The Madoi Gang dialect also known as Leimanai and the Rajar Gang dialect, as Ningthounai. The term Leimanai derived from Leima (queen) + nai (attendant), and the word Ningthounai from Ningthou (king) + nai (attendant). The Madoi Gang dialect is was spoken probably in the Khangabok-Heirok area and the Rajar Gang dialect , in the Bishnupur Ningthankhong area of Manipur.

As regards to the origin of these two dialects, tradition says that once the queen of Manipur requested the king to give her a few village. The request was granted and in time the language of those villages developed in a different direction; the village in the possession of the queen were known as Madoi Gang or The villages of the Queen. The other villages remained in the possession of the king and known as Rajar Gang or The villages of the King.

These two dialects, however, cannot be located in distinct areas, but exists side by side in the same localities. The Madoi Gang dialect has received a greater number of Meitei words and the pronunciation also the influenced greatly

by Meitei.

Whether BPM is a dialect of any other language

Some scholars are inclined to call the Bishnupriya Manipuri language to be a dialect of Bengali or Assamese which was truly irresponsible. Dr. Suniti kumar Chatterjee, a recognized phonetician, listed the BPM language to be a dialect of Bengali whereas, Dr. Maheswer Neog claimed it as a dialect of Assamese. Both being not keen on the matter, did not do justice to Bishnupriya Manipuri people and the language. Their assumptions later caused contradiction about the origin of Bishnupriya Manipuri language. But the assumptions were proved to be baseless, illogical and injustice according to scientific research and observation of morphology, vocables and phonology of BPM language-

Firstly, mere similarities of a few elements are not sufficient to prove that BPM is a dialect of one or that other language. Secondly, Dr. Chatterjee in his phonetic analysis, had used a peculiar version of Bishnupriya Manipuri language, which is much different from the original BPM language that is being spoken by the Bishnupriya Manipuri locality in Assam, Tripura, Manipur or Bangladesh . Lines like “Manu agor Puto Dugo asil….” are not syntactically and grammatically the correct form of BPM. Thirdly, There are a numerous dissimilarities between Bengali /Assamese and BPM such as –

  1. The difference in verbal forms according to difference in gender. e.g. He goes = Ta jarga, She goes = tei jeiriga.
  2. The difference in verbal forms according to difference in number. e.g. I am going = Mi Jauriga, We are going = Ami Jiarga.
  3. BPM has a few case affixes of its own, e.g. 3rd case ending “Lo” = with, 5th case ending “Rangto” =from, 7th case ending “Rang” = in .
  4. BPM has got a number of affixes, i.e., Pratyas which are unprsent in Bengali/ Assamese.
  5. BPM has developed a complete T’o form for the future tense, e.g. I shall do = Mi Kortou, He will do = Ta kortoi.
  6. BPM has got some distinct pronominal forms, e.g. You= Ti, I = Mi, He = Ta etc.
  7. The language has two distinct dialects.
  8. The vocabulary of Bishnupriya Manipuri includes more than 8,000 words which do not occur in Assamese or Bengali.

So, Bishnupriya Manipuri is a complete language itself and the theory of Bishnupriya Manipuri to be a dialect of another language is completely vogue, unwise and fantastic.


Sources and References:

    Big Thanks to Man of Letters.

    • Dr. K.P. Sinha / Bhasatatvar Ruprekha, Silchar,1977
    • Dr. K.P. Sinha / An Etymological Dictionary of Bishnupriya Manipuri,1982
    • Dr. K.P. Sinha / Bishnupriya Manipuri Language, Calcutta, 1981
    • Jagat Mohan Singha, & Birendra Singha The Bishnupriya Manipuris & Their Language,Silchar, 1976
    • Barun Kumar Sinha, Dept. of English,S.S.College Hailakandi / Essay: Imarging Pattern of the Bisnupriya Manipury Society- A Study in Cultural Identity.
    • Mahendra Kumar Singha / Prachin Manipurer Itihas,1965
    • Bidhan Sinha / Cultural Heritage of North-East India, Guwahati,1999
    • S.K. Chatterjee / Language and Literature of India,1963
    • Edgar C. Polome / Society and Paleoculture
    • Captain E.W. Dun / Gazetteer of Manipur,1885
    • Sir G. A. Grierson / Linguistic Survey of India, Vol-3,1904
    • Sir G. A. Grierson / Linguistic Survey of India, Vol-5,1903
    • Vidyavinode, P. / History of Assam,1908
    • Dr. M. Kirti Singh / developments in Manipur in the 18th and 19th centuuy,1980
    • Md. Abdus Sattar / Aronya Janapade, Dhaka,1972
    • Sri Sena Singha / Prachinadhunik Samkhipta Manipurer Itihas

    Krïšhñä Šïñhä :

    Jai Ema Bishnupriya Manipuri Emar Thar Punsi Palok.

    Krishna & Kiloski Sinha Before Shooting Time BM Action, Thriller & Love Movie Hero : Rebel for Love

    Bishnupriya Manipuri Film Industry, Bishnupriya Manipuri History, Education, International Khuttei Dibas, MBM TV NEWS 📰, Nature Lover, Social Work, Uncategorized

    Before Movie Shooting 🌠

    Kiloski Sinha and Krïshñä Sïñhä

    Biography :

    Uncategorized

    Krishna Sinha (Philanthropist) Krishna Sinha (16th November 1992), also known as Krish, K, Marbel.

    Born: 16th November 1992, Imphal (Manipur). Later Whole Family Shifted in Assam, Silchar.

    Height : 5ft.7in Weight : 50Kgs.

    Age : 29 Year’s Old.

    Home : Own Residence in Silchar, Rengti.

    Hobbies: Swimming, Cricket, Music, Travelling, Singing, and Karate.

    Occupation : Own Business. Occasional Film Acting.

    Nickname(s): Marbel, Krish, Radhe, nk, Pandit. I’m a (philanthropist) and Active Social Worker.
    My Favorite Quotes :- Respect is for Those Who Deserves Not For Those Who demands.

    Krishna Sinha 💕

    Favorite Color : Black and White

    Favorite Food : Indian Dish

    Favorite Places : Switzerland, London, Shillong, Kashmir, Shimla.

    Girlfriends : Updated Soon

    Favorite Actor and Actress: BM Hero Siddarth Sinha, Hrithik Roshan, Sunny Deol, Sushant Singh Rajput.

    Actress : Karishma, Rani, Deepika, Kriti Sanon

    Education : Manipur High School, Nimai Chand High School, RMC College, BA Hons in English not Completed.

    Autobiography

    Uncategorized

    SUNDAY, 12 FEB

    cropped-k-5.jpg
    When my life was quickly falling out of my hands and reality wasn’t within reach, I felt helpless. I needed to find a way out somehow, someone or something to influence me in a better way by helping me out of the major hole I had dug myself into.
    It all began when I moved away from my life in Assam, and couldn’t accept the fact that it was something my parents had to do. I was an emotional mess. I had much anger and no one to vent it on, except my parents, which, most of the time, was pointless. This would just end up being an even bigger mess. So as I began to make friends, I figured why not drown my sorrows in whatever I could possibly find better things to do. As time passed, I began to miss many days of school, causing my grades to fall tremendously. I decided to drop out of the tenth grade. It seemed easier in my eyes, no more waking up at five o’clock – and I could stay out and not feel guilty. I knew somewhat what I was doing; I knew my life was on a downhill slant, and at that time I couldn’t do a thing about it.
    As my friends from the other side saw what I was doing, they decided to do it too, losing everything they had: respect from everyone, parents, relatives, friends, and teachers. So we went on a fantasy trip, not caring about losing our education or love from people who tried to care. We thought it was great to be on our own until we ran out of money for our adventures.
    So, I got a full-time job which didn’t last long. I got sick of that too. I couldn’t deal with people telling me what I had to do. I rebelled, and got fired. Once again, I didn’t care. Then, my friends and I began to get into a lot of mischief, getting in trouble with the police a number of times. Finally, they told me I would be sent to a Software institute to get back on track. My friends were in the same predicament. So I went home to try to figure out my mistakes, to try to patch them up. Well, I couldn’t – I would just have to move on.
    Weeks went by while I stayed home, still out of school. I watched what my friends were getting into, and I couldn’t understand why they couldn’t see what was happening to them. They were falling apart, just like I was. At that point, I wanted nothing to do with anyone. I needed time to myself, and I wanted my life back to normal.
    The second semester of my graduation year, I put myself back into Collage and got a part-time job. I began to do well, still a little on the edge, but I knew it wouldn’t be perfect in a day. It took me awhile to get back in the swing of things and live a normal life. I give myself credit for doing it on my own. I turned myself around because I knew my lifestyle was wrong and what I was doing was dangerous. I needed time to find myself more than anything, and here I am now, a senior, awaiting graduation.Now Everything normally Going On living with my parents.

    Currently Join BM Film Industry and Acted my Debut role as a Comedian in the Action Drama Romantic Film Hero : Rebel for Love😊.